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Navigation channel "Danube-Black Sea"


Navigation channel "Danube-Black Sea"


Both sea and river waterways connect in the estuary ports. For example most of modern big ports, such as London, New York, Hamburg, Rotterdam, Antwerp and St. Petersburg are estuary ports. Port’s structures are located on the banks of the river or in pools dug in banks. Furthermore most ports are located away from the sea, so there is no need in building protection structures near the port. Estuary ports’ main objective is to transship goods from sea vessels to river vessels and vice versa.

Deep-water navigation channel “DANUBE-BLACK SEA”


Relevance of the Ukrainian national project “Danube corridor”.

Both sea and river waterways connect in the estuary ports. For example most of modern big ports, such as London, New York, Hamburg, Rotterdam, Antwerp and St. Petersburg are estuary ports. Port’s structures are located on the banks of the river or in pools dug in banks. Furthermore most ports are located away from the sea, so there is no need in building protection structures near the port. Estuary ports’ main objective is to transship goods from sea vessels to river vessels and vice versa.

 

Main objective is to support rising demand for reliable, effective, safe and environmentally friendly transport connections between Europe and Asia, and to create a network of zonal centers of informational and navigational provision of new channel’s communication system, and to develop international port and economic cooperation, tourism, culture and sport.

 

Competitiveness of this project: the new channel and a new port in the Danube mouth are heavily linked with the main trans-European transport rout. It is linked to the southern international transport corridor(ITC) across Black and Azov sea, and it is linked with channel Rhine-Main-Danube. While it is linked to the northern ITC across “North-South” transport corridor.

 

New rout has some advantages:

  • An ability of system cooperation with Crete transport corridors numbers 2,5,7, also with transport systems ESKATO and TRASEKA;

  • 2 to 3 times increase in ship tonnage, and coverage of other Ukrainian port’s deficits.

  • The creation of the new gateway channel “Danube-Zhebriyanov harbor” would decrease economic and political pressure from Romania, hence the EU as well.

  • An ability to decrease tariffs for ships travelling in both directions would appear.

  • Ukraine creates real conditions for attracting Asian freight transport.

  • Strategic and economic growth of the Ukrainian side of Danube delta questions would be solved.

  • Creation of modern infrastructure in the region.

 

“New gateway channel and port”.

Based on the requirements for transhipment of both Ukrainian and transit goods, the next configuration of transhipment complexes is offered:

  • Container terminal with berth length 840 m and depth 19 m;
  • Coal transshipment complex with berth length 600 m and depth 19 m;

  • Ore terminal, berth length 300 and depth 19 m;

  • Grain terminal, length – 600 m. and depth 19 m;

  • Oil terminal, length – 320 m depth 19m;

  • LPG terminal, length 600m, depth 19 m;

  • General cargo terminal, length – 580 m and depth 19 m;

  • Timber terminal length – 460 m depth 8,5 m;

  • Ro-Ro terminal, length – 300 depth 8,5 m;

  • Chemical terminal length 500 m depth 19 m.

 

The long-term turnover.

Name of handling complex

Throughput, tons

Ship traffic

Total

With

transit

Maritime

River ship

1.

Container

7 000

1 000

210

834

2.

Carbon

10 000

 

130

 

3.

Ore

3 000

 

55

 

4.

Corn

8 000

1 500

130

1250

5.

Oil

2 000

 

75

 

6.

Gas

2 000

 

75

 

7.

General cargo

5 000

2 000

330

1700

8.

Forests

3 000

 

60

 

9.

Ferry

6 000

2 000

370

1700

10.

Chemical

2 600

1 000

51

834

 

Total

48 600

7 500

1486

6318

 

Waterways and territory.

Sea approach channel must have these characteristics:

length – 25 km;

breath on bottom-280 m;

Depth – 19 m.

Navigable channel “Danube-Zhebriyanov harbor” must have these characteristics:

length – 9,1;

breath on bottom – 100 m;

depth – 8,5 m.


The main principles for the creation of the new transshipment complex are:

  • Projected increase in freight traffic;

  • Geographical location of the port;

  • Shortage of capacity of the Ukrainian ports;

  • Unbounded availability of land for development.

 

Investment in this project

Investment in this project Overall investment in this project is 2655800000USD

(based on prices of 17/03/08)

The annual net profit is 162mn USD.

 

Project payback time-  10.23 years.